School nursing research encompasses a broad scope of topics related to student health and school nursing actions. While many research topics are important and should continue to be researched, NASN has identified the following as the highest or critical priorities of research needed in school nursing.
The critical priorities are areas where robust research evidence does not exist and/or additional research is needed to identify the best practices and cost effectiveness of school nursing practice. Systematic literature reviews synthesizing the state of the science in priority areas would also be valued contributions.
Determine the impact school nurse interventions have on students managing their chronic conditions (particularly diabetes and asthma).
Example: Measure the impact of various evidence based school nurse interventions (individual healthcare plans, training) on safe school environment, student demonstrated health condition self-management, readiness to learn, and incidence of emergencies / exacerbations.
Determine the impact of school nurse interventions on identified school nurse sensitive indicators (attendance, seat time, early dismissal, health office visits, medication administration accuracy, and immunization rates).
Conduct cost-benefits analysis of various interventions that can be used by a school nurse (care coordination, student safety, prevention services, and ER/911 visits).
Evaluate current models of school nurse practice (i.e. RN per school or RN-supervised health extenders covering multiple schools) and their impact on various outcomes (student safety, student physical and mental health, academics, access to care, securing medical homes).
Page last updated September 2016.