Research Priorities

School nursing research encompasses a broad scope of topics related to student health and school nursing actions. While many research topics are important and should continue to be researched, NASN has identified the following as the highest or critical priorities of research needed in school nursing.

The critical priorities are areas where robust research evidence does not exist and/or additional research is needed to identify the best practices and cost effectiveness of school nursing practice. Systematic literature reviews synthesizing the state of the science in priority areas would also be valued contributions.

Critical Priorities:

  • Identify the process that will accelerate the implementation of evidence-based projects in the unique settings of school.

  • Identify factors that impact student health and school nursing practice:

    • Determine the impact school nurse interventions have on students managing their chronic conditions (particularly diabetes and asthma).

  • Determine the impact of school nurse interventions on identified school nurse sensitive indicators (attendance, seat time, early dismissal, health office visits, medication administration accuracy, and immunization rates). Studies may focus on individual students or populations as the unit of analysis.

    • Evaluate current models of school nursing (i.e. RN per school or RN-supervised health extenders covering multiple schools) and their impacts on various outcomes (i.e. student safety, student physical and mental health, academics success, access to care, securing medical homes).

    • Identify and evaluate the impact of work environment (i.e. supervision, career ladder, level of support) on school nursing practice (i.e. student outcomes, retention, work satisfaction).

    • Conduct a cost-benefit analysis of school nursing practice that can be generalized to be used by school nurses (care coordination, student safety, prevention services, and ER/911 visits).

Page last updated January 2018.

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